Mindaugas Jucius

LITHUANIA

Bus

International bus companies Eurolines ( www.eurolines.lt), Ecolines (www.ecolines.net/lt) and Luxexpress  (www.luxexpress.eu/lt) are the main bus companies going to and from Lithuania.

Train

Vilnius is linked by regular direct trains to Moscow, St. Petersburg, Kaliningrad, Warsaw, Minsk. (www.litrail.lt)

Boat

Klaipeda is the port of call for all international ferries bound for Lithuania. DFDS Seaways has a passenger ferry service to Klaipeda from Kiel (Germany) and Karlshamn (Sweden). www.dfdsseaways.lt

Air

Kaunas and capital Vilnius, is the destination for most budget airlines, like Ryanair (www.ryanair.com), Wizzair (www.wizzair.com), AirLituanica (www.airlituanica.com), AirBaltic (www.airbaltic.com) from more then 70 European cities. In Lithuania are 3 international Vilnius, Kaunas and Palanga airports.

I can organize everything for you, pick up from every airport, bus or train station, book hotel, plan you activities.

 

lithuania_map

Transport

Capital: Vilnius
Official language: Lithuanian
Area: 65.300 km2
Population: 2.979.000
National currency: the euro
Geographical situation: Lithuania is a state in Northern Europe
Neighboring countries: Latvia, Belarus, Poland, and Russia
Independence:
  • Announced on 16 February 1918
  • Restored on 11 March 1990
Form  of Government: Parliamentary democracy
Head of State:
  • President – Dalia Grybauskaitė (since 12 July 2014)
  • Government of the Republic of Lithuania (Algirdas Butkevičius – Prime Minister since 13 December 2012)
  • Seimas of the Republic of Lithuania (Loreta Graužinienė – Speaker of the Seimas since 3 October 2013)
International membership:
  • NATO member since 29 March, 2004
  • Member of European Union since 1 May, 2004
Largest cities (number of inhabitants):
  • Vilnius (538700)
  • Kaunas (307 500)
  • Klaipėda (158 900)
  • Šiauliai (106 800)
  • Panevėžys (97 600)
Administrative division:
  • The territory of Lithuania is divided into 10 counties.
  • Counties are subdivided into 60 municipalities.
  • Municipalities consist of 546 elderships
 
Ethnic composition (%):
  • Lithuanians: 84.2
  • Poles: 6.6
  • Russians: 5.8
  • Belorussians: 1.2
  • Other: 2.2

The total number of nationalities living in Lithuania is 154

Religion: Most Lithuanians belong to Roman Catholic Church. There are also Eastern Orthodox, Evangelical Lutheran, Reformed Church, Eastern Orthodox, Judaism, Islam and other religions.
Life expectancy:
  • Average life expectancy in Lithuania is 73.7 year
  • Average female life expectancy  is 79.1 year
  • Average male life expectancy  is 68.1 year
Landscape: Lithuania is a flat land with plains covering approximately 75% of the country
Climate: Ranges between maritime and continental. The average temperatures are +19°C in July and -3°C in January.  
Public holidays:
  • The New Year (1 January)
  • Independence Day (16 February)
  • The Day of the Restoration of Independence (11 March)
  • Easter (the first Sunday and Monday after the first full moon after the spring equinox)
  • International Labour Day (1 May)
  • Rasos and Joninės Day (Midsummer Day – 24 June)
  • TheDay of the Coronation of King Mindaugas (6 July)
  • Žolinė (Feast of the Assumption – 15 August)
  • All Saints Day (1 November)
  • Christmas Eve (24 December)
  • Holy Christmas (25–26 December)

 

Lithuania

 

Hill of crosses

This ‘Mecca of Lithuania’ – thousands upon thousands of crosses on a hillock – has inspired countless pilgrimages.

Hill of Crosses

 

Curonian Spit

Human habitation of this elongated sand dune peninsula, 98 km long and 0.4-4 km wide, dates back to prehistoric times. Throughout this period it has been threatened by the natural forces of wind and waves. Its survival to the present day has been made possible only as a result of ceaseless human efforts to combat the erosion of the Spit, dramatically illustrated by continuing stabilisation and reforestation projects.

Curonian.spit

 

Vilnius old town

Political center of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania between the 13th century and the end of the 18th century, Vilnius has had a profound influence on the cultural and architectural development of much of Eastern Europe. Despite invasions and partial destruction, it has preserved an impressive complex of Gothic, Renaissance, Baroque and Classical buildings as well as its medieval layout and natural setting – this was the primary justification for inscribing Vilnius Historical Center on the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1994.

Vilnius old town

Klaipeda

Klaipėda is the oldest Lithuania city:  first mentioned in the Chronicles of Memelburg in 1252.  Until the 15th century, the city was developing closer to the castle, which was situated on the islands formed from the Danė River tributaries.  The castle was rebuilt several times and the city accordingly changed location as well. Klaipėda is the third biggest city in Lithuania located on the coalescence of the Curonian Lagoon and The Baltic Sea. A gross nonfreezing sea harbor is established in Klaipėda so the city is one of the main Lithuanian economic centers and a very important transit knot. Klaipėda is well attended by visitors in summer not only during traditional festivals like the “Sea Festival” an International Jazz festival, but in casual days too.

klaipeda

 

 

Palanga

It is hard to imagine Palanga without the Baltic Sea. The Sea is our past, present and future. Since the New Stone Age the sea has influenced mental and material culture, trading relations of the peoples living here.

A lot of Lithuanian legends are related to the sea. From generation to generation, by the cradle, mothers would narrate their children about the love of the sea goddess Jūratė for the fisherman Kastytis, about the enchanted prince of the sea Žilvinas and Eglė, a fisherman’s daughter, about the giants Naglis and Neringa or priestess Birutė, the wife of Grand Duke Kęstutis.

Bridge in Palanga resort

 

Kernave

The town was the first Lithuania pagan capital. According to legends Palemonas’ grandson Kernius founded the town. Also the town might be the capital of Lithuania in Grand Duke Mindaugas (the founder of Lithuania) times. There is no historical sources that mention the place where was Grand Duke Mindaugas capital.

Kernave

 

Trakai

The old town of Trakai – which is extremely popular with the residents of Lithuania and foreign guests – is situated west of Vilnius between the hills, forests and lakes. The shores of the peninsula on which it is located are washed by the waters of Lakes Galvė, Totoriškių and Bernardinų (Lukos). This town, famous for its picturesque landscape and the legendary Trakai Castle, was a cradle of the Lithuanian statehood, an important military and political centre, headquarters of the Lithuanian Grand Dukes, and the capital of Lithuania. Today, Trakai attracts visitors to a wonderful place offering refuge from a hectic city life, with walks around the beautiful area or yacht trips on one of the numerous lakes. 
Trakai is also known for the Karaimes (a people speaking the Turkic language), who have lived there since the 14th century and have preserved their traditions.

Trakai

 

And much more…

Kiting in Svencele 

Svencele

 

 

 

 

 

 

Diving

diving

 

 

 

 

 

 

Walking kulgrinda

Kulgrinda

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Horse riding

Horse riding

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hot Air Balloon

Vilnius old town

 

 

 

 

 

Kayaks

Kayaks

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

And much more..