International bus companies Eurolines ( www.eurolines.lt), Ecolines (www.ecolines.net/lt) and Luxexpress (www.luxexpress.eu/lt) are the main bus companies going to and from Lithuania.
Vilnius is linked by regular direct trains to Moscow, St. Petersburg, Kaliningrad, Warsaw, Minsk. (www.litrail.lt)
Klaipeda is the port of call for all international ferries bound for Lithuania. DFDS Seaways has a passenger ferry service to Klaipeda from Kiel (Germany) and Karlshamn (Sweden). www.dfdsseaways.lt
Kaunas and capital Vilnius, is the destination for most budget airlines, like Ryanair (www.ryanair.com), Wizzair (www.wizzair.com), AirLituanica (www.airlituanica.com), AirBaltic (www.airbaltic.com) from more then 70 European cities. In Lithuania are 3 international Vilnius, Kaunas and Palanga airports.
I can organize everything for you, pick up from every airport, bus or train station, book hotel, plan you activities.
|National currency:||the euro|
|Geographical situation:||Lithuania is a state in Northern Europe|
|Neighboring countries:||Latvia, Belarus, Poland, and Russia|
|Form of Government:||Parliamentary democracy|
|Head of State:||
|Largest cities (number of inhabitants):||
|Ethnic composition (%):||
The total number of nationalities living in Lithuania is 154
|Religion:||Most Lithuanians belong to Roman Catholic Church. There are also Eastern Orthodox, Evangelical Lutheran, Reformed Church, Eastern Orthodox, Judaism, Islam and other religions.|
|Landscape:||Lithuania is a flat land with plains covering approximately 75% of the country|
|Climate:||Ranges between maritime and continental. The average temperatures are +19°C in July and -3°C in January.|
Hill of crosses
This ‘Mecca of Lithuania’ – thousands upon thousands of crosses on a hillock – has inspired countless pilgrimages.
Human habitation of this elongated sand dune peninsula, 98 km long and 0.4-4 km wide, dates back to prehistoric times. Throughout this period it has been threatened by the natural forces of wind and waves. Its survival to the present day has been made possible only as a result of ceaseless human efforts to combat the erosion of the Spit, dramatically illustrated by continuing stabilisation and reforestation projects.
Vilnius old town
Political center of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania between the 13th century and the end of the 18th century, Vilnius has had a profound influence on the cultural and architectural development of much of Eastern Europe. Despite invasions and partial destruction, it has preserved an impressive complex of Gothic, Renaissance, Baroque and Classical buildings as well as its medieval layout and natural setting – this was the primary justification for inscribing Vilnius Historical Center on the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1994.
Klaipėda is the oldest Lithuania city: first mentioned in the Chronicles of Memelburg in 1252. Until the 15th century, the city was developing closer to the castle, which was situated on the islands formed from the Danė River tributaries. The castle was rebuilt several times and the city accordingly changed location as well. Klaipėda is the third biggest city in Lithuania located on the coalescence of the Curonian Lagoon and The Baltic Sea. A gross nonfreezing sea harbor is established in Klaipėda so the city is one of the main Lithuanian economic centers and a very important transit knot. Klaipėda is well attended by visitors in summer not only during traditional festivals like the “Sea Festival” an International Jazz festival, but in casual days too.
It is hard to imagine Palanga without the Baltic Sea. The Sea is our past, present and future. Since the New Stone Age the sea has influenced mental and material culture, trading relations of the peoples living here.
A lot of Lithuanian legends are related to the sea. From generation to generation, by the cradle, mothers would narrate their children about the love of the sea goddess Jūratė for the fisherman Kastytis, about the enchanted prince of the sea Žilvinas and Eglė, a fisherman’s daughter, about the giants Naglis and Neringa or priestess Birutė, the wife of Grand Duke Kęstutis.
The town was the first Lithuania pagan capital. According to legends Palemonas’ grandson Kernius founded the town. Also the town might be the capital of Lithuania in Grand Duke Mindaugas (the founder of Lithuania) times. There is no historical sources that mention the place where was Grand Duke Mindaugas capital.
The old town of Trakai – which is extremely popular with the residents of Lithuania and foreign guests – is situated west of Vilnius between the hills, forests and lakes. The shores of the peninsula on which it is located are washed by the waters of Lakes Galvė, Totoriškių and Bernardinų (Lukos). This town, famous for its picturesque landscape and the legendary Trakai Castle, was a cradle of the Lithuanian statehood, an important military and political centre, headquarters of the Lithuanian Grand Dukes, and the capital of Lithuania. Today, Trakai attracts visitors to a wonderful place offering refuge from a hectic city life, with walks around the beautiful area or yacht trips on one of the numerous lakes.
Trakai is also known for the Karaimes (a people speaking the Turkic language), who have lived there since the 14th century and have preserved their traditions.
And much more…